The conditions for the existence of methane-producing bacteria are artificially created and maintained in the reactor of a biogas plant. In a natural environment, organic matter decomposes for years, even thousands of years. In biogas reactors, decomposition takes from several days to several months.
Methane-producing bacteria are present in animal manure. Animal manure also serves as a bacterial seed for biogas plants.
Biogas plants are designed for the production of biogas from the waste produced by the food industry and agriculture, as well as from solid household waste and the silage of specially grown crops. A biogas plant consists of screw-feed loaders, a grinder, pumps, a reactor, inclined and submersible mixers, a gas holder, a desulphurization system, a biogas chiller, a compressor, a spent substrate separator, a torch, a gas analyzer, and a generator. A biogas reactor is also called a biogas fermenter, biogas digester, or anaerobic reactor.
Main sections of a biogas plant:
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